Kerala Heat Map by District – Free Excel Template for Data Visualisation

Kerala Heat Map

In this blog post, we will discuss the Kerala State Heat Map by District Excel template. This is a free Excel template that you can use to create heat maps instantly. You will learn how you can enter your own data in the template to create heat maps. You will also learn the features and options available within the template to customize and extend.

What is a Heat Map?

A heat map (Wikipedia – What is a Heat Map?) is a form of data visualization, where the data is presented in the form of varying levels of colors. We use colors to understand the data easily and quickly.

Here we will be creating a geographical heat map where the area we will be coloring is a geographic division (by district) of the state of Kerela. Each district can have a different color based on the data value for that specific district. For example, we can visualize the population distribution by district, literacy rate by district, or any numeric data we have at the district level. There are other types of use cases too, which we will discuss later.
Our Excel Template allows you to enter your own data and visualize that instantly.

Kerala Map
Kerala Population by District Heat Map Excel Template – Gradient Color Scheme



There are currently 14 districts in Kerela (as of March 2018). The names in English are sometimes different depending on which source you choose. We have used Wikipedia – List of Districts as the source for the names of districts in English.

Kasaragod, Kannur, Wayanad, Kozhikode,Malappuram, Palakkad, Thrissur, Ernakulam, Idukki  Kottayam, Alappuzha, Pathanamthitta, Kollam, Thiruvananthapuram.

Disclaimer: We have done our best to create the map outlines as accurately as we can. However, doing it in Excel has its limitations. The map is just for illustrations and is not expected to be 100% accurate with respect to the exact size and outlines of district and state.


How to use the template?

The template is very simple to use with just three steps.

1. Enter district level data in the data table

Enter Kerala District level Data in Table
Right click and Paste Values

2. Edit the Settings to customize the heat map

Settings – Choose District Name and Data Value to display on map
Choose color scheme for heat map – Gradient color or by Data ranges

Gradient Colour scheme will apply the 3-color scale with lowest value being Red and mid-point being Gold and highest value being Green.

Gradient color scale in Excel for Heat Map

Colour by Range scheme will allow you to enter data ranges and choose color for each range.

Kerela Heat Map – Color by range in Excel

In the table above, we are setting the districts with data values from 1 to less than 10,00,000 to be Red. From 10,00,000 to less than 15,00,000 to be Brown and so on. Any district with value from 40,00,000 will be colored in Gold.

You can customize the ranges as well as the colors. You can create up to 7 ranges and choose from 10 color options.

In your case, let us assume that you want to create a data range from 1 to 1000 as Red and 1001 to 2000 as Blue and anything from 2001 as Orange. The following is the data we should enter in the table.

Customizing data ranges

To enter the data ranges, just type over the default numbers. Also, if you don’t need all the seven ranges, then just click on the cell and press Delete key to clear contents. Do not delete the row.

You can change colors by selecting from the drop down. The 10 color choices available are Red, Green, Blue, Yellow, Pink, Violet, Brown, Gold, Orange & Gray. (In a separate post, I will explain how to change or add colors).

Change colors from the drop down from 10 options

Any district with value less than the first value will use the gradient color scheme by default. In our examples here, we started with 1. So, any negative value will use the gradient color scheme. But you are not limited to only positive values.

Here is how you can also use negative values in the data ranges.

Customizing data ranges – Negative values

Values from -100 to 1000 will be Green and 1001 to 2000 will be Blue.

You can also enter Title and Comments that will be displayed on the Map. You can choose to leave them as blank if you want to not have Title and comments.

Enter Title and Comments

3. View/Print/Export Screenshots of Heat Maps

After changing the settings, you should be able to view the updated map instantly. If the calculations do not refresh, please press ‘Calculate Sheet’ in Formulas Ribbon or press Shift+F9.

Let’s look at the screenshots of heat maps with different options in the settings we discussed in Step 2.

Screenshots of Heat Maps with different settings

In the first set of examples, we will be using the Gradient color scheme option.

1. If we choose only the district name to be displayed

Kerala Population by District Heat Map – Excel Template – Gradient

2. If we choose only the data value to be displayed

Kerala Heat Map -Excel Template -Gradient with data values

3. If we choose both district name and data value to be displayed

Kerala District Heat Map – Excel Template – Gradient – Names and Data Values

The map will look busy with this option, especially since we have large numbers. However, you can convert the numbers to be shorter in length and that would make it more readable. You can also change the font size, which we will cover later in a separate post.

Now with the ‘Colour by Data Ranges’ option,

4. If we choose only the district name to be displayed

Kerala Population by District -Heat Map – Excel Template – Color Range

5. If we choose only the data values to be displayed

Kerala Heat Map – Excel Template – Color by Data Ranges with data values

6. Now when we choose both names and data values

Kerala District Heat Map – Excel Template – Color by Data Ranges – Names and Data Values

Now that we know how the heat map will look, let’s talk about printing..


In Excel, when you try to print, the print area in the file is already pre-set to print the map and the settings section.

Print Preview

If you would like to print only the map image, then please select the area around the map image and then click on Set Print Area from the Page Layout ribbon.

Heat Map Image as Print Area

Now, when you print, you will print only the map image.

Export the heat map image as PDF

Similarly, you can save as PDF.

Export Heat Map as PDF

What is in the print area will now be saved as a PDF.

Copy-Paste Image

Instead of printing or exporting, you can also copy the image and paste in other applications directly as needed. You can copy the image by right clicking on the map and choosing ‘Copy’.

Kerala Map – Copy & Paste

You can then paste in other applications such as PowerPoint and Word.

Paste options in PowerPoint

In addition to creating heat maps, this template can be used for other purposes too. In the next article, we will discuss some of those special use cases of this template.

If you find the template useful, please share this post with your friends. If you have any feedback or suggestions, please post in comments section below.

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